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Waste News / NEWS
How to achieve green development of takeout plastic waste is an urgent problem to be solved now
As we enjoy the takeout brought to our lunch, many takeaway food boxes and packaging bags are in a "siege" trend, threatening our ecological environment. 700 萬單左右，據此大略算壹筆賬，依照每單外賣用 1 個塑料袋，每個塑料袋 0.06 平方米計算，每天所用的塑料袋可掩蓋 42 萬平方米，大約相當於 59 個足球場。 According to the data released by Meituan takeout, hungry, Baidu takeout, etc., the daily order volume of these three takeaway channels is about 7 million orders. According to this, one account is roughly calculated. According to 1 plastic bag for each order, each A plastic bag of 0.06 square meters is calculated, the plastic bag used every day can cover 420,000 square meters, which is equivalent to about 59 football fields. How to complete the green development of the food delivery profession is a problem that needs to be dealt with urgently.
It takes less than half an hour to take a package of take-out fast food on average, and it takes hundreds of years to degrade these plastic wastes. The rapid increase in take-away occupations has greatly facilitated people's lives, but at the same time it has produced more "white waste" to a certain extent. The ecological dangers of ambushing of takeaway waste have caused social anxiety.
300 萬噸，消費量卻在 600 萬噸以上，每年都有許多的塑料制品進口。 According to calculations by the environmental protection department, China's annual plastic output is currently 3 million tons, but its consumption is over 6 million tons. Many plastic products are imported every year. 1500 萬噸，我國就達到了 100 萬噸以上。 Every year, 15 million tons of plastics are discarded worldwide , and our country has reached more than 1 million tons. As for the quantity of take-away waste, although there is no authoritative calculation data, the order quantity from the take-out channel can be understood. 700 萬單左右，據此能夠大略算壹筆賬，依照每單外賣用 1 個塑料袋，每個塑料袋 0.06 平方米計算，每天所用的塑料袋可掩蓋 42 萬平方米，大約相當於 59 個足球場。 According to the data released by Meituan Takeaway, Hungry, Baidu Takeaway, etc., the daily order volume of these three takeaway channels is about 7 million orders, which can be roughly calculated according to one plastic bag per takeout Each plastic bag is calculated to be 0.06 square meters, and the plastic bags used every day can cover 420,000 square meters, which is equivalent to 59 football fields.
With such a huge amount of use, do the relevant departments have clear requirements for the specifications of raw materials for lunch boxes? Relevant departments of the Beijing Food and Drug Administration have indicated that there are no detailed ingredient specifications for the professional use of takeout boxes. There are no relevant regulations on whether it is degradable environmental protection data and whether it is beneficial for future processing. A staff member stated that "non-toxic and harmless, it is sufficient to comply with food safety regulations." How to complete the green development of the food delivery profession is an urgent issue that must be dealt with now.
In fact, it is not just plastic bags, but food containers, plastic tableware, and plastic packaging used for food delivery are all classified as "white waste." The main component of ordinary plastic lunch boxes and tableware is polypropylene, and the main component of plastic bags is polyethylene, which are all non-degradable plastics. Because of its advantages such as no damage and high temperature resistance, it is widely used by take-out merchants, but its non-degradable characteristics bring great problems to post-processing.
But for many catering companies, the use of plastic lunch boxes is also impossible. Some people in the industry said that Chinese foods often contain soup and fat, so it is more appropriate to use plastic lunch boxes. Although there are also catering companies using packaging such as cartons, most of the degradable lunch boxes are not suitable for Chinese food. They simply seep water and oil, and make rice stick together, which is difficult for consumers to bear. 2% 。 In addition, the cost of meal boxes is also a consideration for catering companies. Some people in charge of catering companies claim that take-out packaging accounts for about 2% of the entire operating cost .
It is also understood that the plastic lunch boxes used in takeaways are not "one-for-nothing". Most plastic lunch boxes are printed with the sign of recyclables, which can be recycled through the waste recycling process to complete the reuse of resources. But the reality is that most consumers simply throw away the lunch box after they finish using the meal.
Even if there are leftovers in the lunch box, most of them are "covered". The exchange of plastic waste and kitchen waste brings a lot of trouble to the takeaway waste recovery. Moreover, these wastes are not recovered by specialized agencies, and can only be disposed of on the same day. Some people in the industry have shown that although the transparent plastic lunch box can be recovered, it takes a lot of time to clean, and the recovery value is not large, so the recovery amount is also very small. "
If there is a relatively sound waste sorting system, plastic lunch boxes, etc. can be recycled through the recycling channels. And in terms of the cost of recovering the lunch box, foreign countries also have experience worth learning. Sheng Min, Secretary General of the Recycled Plastics Branch of the Association for Recycling and Utilization of China ’s Renewable Resources, stated that there is no corresponding subsidy mechanism for the recovery of discarded plastics and other renewable resources in China. He said that there are two ways to learn, one is the European form, and the government adopts a compulsory policy to subsidize the recovery of renewable resources; the other is the Japanese form, after cultivating the national quality, from the source Do a good job of waste classification.
Regarding the classification and recovery of low-value-added recyclables such as plastics, some cities in China have also formulated some methods, such as setting up funds to grant subsidies and punish illegal targets. Song Guojun, a professor at the School of Environment at Renmin University of China, believes that the policy of mandatory source classification should be firmly implemented, the principle of paying polluters should be followed, and the producer ’s extended responsibility system should be implemented to encourage polluters to reduce the output of discarded materials. Manage social costs.
6 月，我國烹飪協會等與數十家餐飲外賣品牌壹起發起的《綠色外賣職業公約（綠色十條）》提出了“推動運用綠色餐具”等內容，並向供應鏈端宣布“英豪帖”，在為餐飲職業小微企業找到健康安全的綠色餐具，壹起也有外賣渠道正和科研機構進行協作，研發可降解環保餐盒。 In June of this year , the “Green Takeaway Professional Convention (Green Article 10)” initiated by China ’s Culinary Association and dozens of catering takeaway brands put forward “promoting the use of green tableware” and other contents, and announced to the supply chain end "In finding healthy and safe green tableware for catering professional small and micro enterprises, there are also take-out channels that are collaborating with scientific research institutions to develop degradable and environmentally friendly lunch boxes.
In the end, facing the problem of waste disposal caused by fast food packaging, the government, the public, and enterprises are required to make concerted efforts, for example, to improve production access regulations, to support the industrialization of waste classification and recycling. Once government supervision cannot stand still at the previous level, it must keep up with the speed of the takeout, pay attention to reviewing and formulating regulatory standards from the perspective of environmental protection, and incorporate them into the supervision of channels and merchants. Only when the source and upstream regulatory standards are clear and clear, can it be done with less effort for lower-chain management. Hong Kong Recycling Electronics